We won’t enter the details here, but, to sum up, the first objects used as currency by the Chinese were seashells. From these shells China developed its barter system, introduced a wide variety of objects that could be used as money and, later on, bronze coins would be created as substitutes for those objects. When we talk about China we are referring to one of the world’s oldest and richest cultures which traces back thousands of years ago. The country was one of the pioneers to create currency in order to replace barter. Thus, its currency history is something that has a long interesting timeline enriched with curious facts that definitely worth a deeper look. Therefore each trade is counted twice, once under the sold currency ($) and once under the bought currency (€).

chinese currency symbol

Therefore, the Hong Kong dollar and the Macanese pataca remain the legal tenders in the two territories, and the renminbi, although sometimes accepted, is not legal tender. Because of changes in legislation in July 2010, many banks around the world are now slowly offering individuals the chance to hold deposits in Chinese renminbi. The PBOC has filed more than 80 patents surrounding the integration of a digital currency system, choosing to embrace the blockchain technology.

The “Report on the Internationalization of RMB in 2020”, which was released by the People’s Bank of China in August 2020, said that renminbi’s function as international reserve currency has gradually emerged. In the first quarter 2020, the share of renminbi in global foreign exchange reserves rose to 2.02%, a record high. As of the end of 2019, the People’s Bank of China https://traderoom.info/ has set up renminbi clearing banks in 25 countries and regions outside of Mainland China, which has made the use of renminbi more secure and transaction costs have decreased. The third series of renminbi banknotes was introduced on 15 April 1962, though many denominations were dated 1960. New dates would be issued as stocks of older dates were gradually depleted.

¥ ¥ Yen symbol, Yuan sign

The patent filings also point to the proposed ‘tokenomics’ being considered by the DCEP working group. Some patents show plans towards programmed inflation control mechanisms. While the majority of the patents are attributed to the PBOC’s Digital Currency Research Institute, some are attributed to state-owned corporations or subsidiaries of the Chinese central government. Beginning in the mid-1980s, the government sanctioned foreign exchange markets, known as swap centres, eventually in most large cities. Our currency rankings show that the most popular Chinese Yuan Renminbi exchange rate is the CNY to USD rate. The currency code for Yuan Renminbi is CNY, and the currency symbol is ¥.

You can learn more about the standards we follow in producing accurate, unbiased content in oureditorial policy. The Chinese Yuan continued to lose value during the COVID-19 pandemic, largely due to reduced economic activity and strict lockdowns. In April of 2022, the yuan suffered its largest-ever monthly price drop, losing 7% of its value over three months. One Chinese yuan can be divided into 10 jiao, or into 100 fen. CNY is the official currency abbreviation for the Chinese Yuan under the ISO 4217 standard.

  • The digital yuan, or e-CNY, is only available to users of certain banks in certain Chinese cities.
  • During this series new security features were added, the ¥2 denomination was discontinued, the colour pattern for each note was changed and a new denomination of ¥20 was introduced for this series.
  • Beijing has allowed renminbi-denominated financial markets to develop in Hong Kong as part of the effort to internationalise the renminbi.

These were brass 1 cash, copper coins in the denominations of 2, 5, 10 and 20 and silver coins in 1, 2, and 5 cash. Since currency flows in and out of mainland China are still restricted, renminbi traded in off-shore markets, such as the Hong Kong market, can have a different value to renminbi traded on the mainland. The offshore RMB market is usually denoted as CNH, but there is another renminbi interbank and spot market in Taiwan for domestic trading known as CNT. Since 2007, renminbi-nominated bonds have been issued outside mainland China; these are colloquially called “dim sum bonds”.

Depegged from the US dollar

Whether you’re a global ad agency or a freelance graphic designer, we have the vector graphics to make your project come to life. The Xe Rate Alerts will let you know when the rate you need is triggered on your selected currency pairs. The Gold Yuan replaced the Fǎbì in 1948 at a rate of 1 Gold Yuan to 3 million Yuan Fǎbì. That same year, the Yuan Renminbi was introduced as a way to help stabilize the Communist held areas of mainland China.

chinese currency symbol

The currency called Yuan was introduced in 1889, influenced by the Spanish currency “peso”. By that time, the peso was widespread in South East Asia because of the Spanish presence in Guan and Philippines. Then, in 1903, the government started issuing other coins in the Yuan currency system.

By the 1600s the most popular currency in Asia was the Spanish dollar or peso since the Spanish trading activity was very intense across the country. In 1800, the Chinese government launched a new currency system by issuing silver coins and banknotes called Yuan as an honor to the Yuan Dynasty. After the Chinese Revolution and the establishment of the Communist Party’s People’s Bank of China, the Yuan was replaced in 1949 by “the people’s currency” called Renminbi .


The Republic of China, which governs Taiwan, believes wide usage of the renminbi would create an underground economy and undermine its sovereignty. Tourists are allowed to bring in up to ¥20,000 when visiting Taiwan. These renminbi must be converted to Taiwanese currency at trial exchange sites in Matsu and Kinmen.

chinese currency symbol

Below, you’ll find Chinese Yuan Renminbi rates and a currency converter. The yuan is the name of the unit in which renminbi transactions are denominated, but also refers to the currency generally. Thus, a person might pay for a meal using a 20 yuan banknote, and get some yuan and jiao in change . This is similar to the pound sterling, which is the name of the British currency, while the price of a pint of beer in a London pub would be stated just in pounds.

International reserve currency

In 1999, a commemorative red ¥50 note was issued in honour of the 50th anniversary of the establishment of the People’s Republic moving average mt4 of China. This note features Chinese Communist Party chairman Mao Zedong on the front and various animals on the back.

Yuan (CNY)

As of 2013, the renminbi is convertible on current accounts but not capital accounts. The ultimate goal has been to make the renminbi fully convertible. On 1 October 2016, the renminbi became the first emerging market currency to be included in the IMF’s special drawing rights basket, the basket of currencies used by the IMF as a reserve currency. Today, the RMB is one of the top-five most-used currencies, in addition to the U.S. dollar, euro, yen, and British pound. In 2022, the IMF increased the weight of the yuan in its Special Drawing Rights basket—an international reserve asset that the IMF created as a supplement to member countries’ official reserves. The new currency allowed the new administration to unify the Chinese economy, which was then divided among several regional currencies.

This stringent management of the currency leads to a bottled-up demand for exchange in both directions. It is viewed as a major tool to keep the currency peg, preventing inflows of “hot money”. On 13 March 2006, some delegates to an advisory body at the National People’s Congress proposed to include Sun 10 tools used by java programmers in day to day life Yat-sen and Deng Xiaoping on the renminbi banknotes. With a history of over 3000 years, Chinese currency existed in both Ancient and Imperial China. In 1914, the Silver Dollar was established as the official currency of the Republic of China, with copper, fen, and nickel coins being added in the 1930s.

International role of the renminbi

The third series was phased out during the 1990s and then was recalled completely on 1 July 2000. The first series of renminbi banknotes was issued on 1 December 1948, by the newly founded People’s Bank of China. It introduced notes in denominations of ¥1, ¥5, ¥10, ¥20, ¥50, ¥100 and ¥1,000 yuan. Notes for ¥200, ¥500, ¥5,000 and ¥10,000 followed in 1949, with ¥50,000 notes added in 1950.

When shopping in China, a storekeeper might also express prices in terms of kuai, which translates into “pieces,” and is similar to how Americans use “bucks” to mean dollars. You can make frequently used technical non-fancy symbols like “√ ∑ π ∞ ∆ ™ © æ £ ¢” and åccénted letters on Mac using key. I’ve compiled a list of shortcuts in my article and explained how to open keyboard viewer.

Era of the planned economy

The translation of Renminbi is “people’s currency” and new stages of the Yuan came afterwards, like in 1962 when a third version of the coin was issued. Excluding special administrative regions Hong Kong and Macau. The Chinese government still lacks deep and wide vision about how to perform fund-raising to handle international loans at global levels. On 26 November 2015, the People’s Bank of China issued a blue ¥100 commemorative note to commemorate aerospace science and technology. In 1991, a new coinage was introduced, consisting of an aluminium ¥0.1, brass ¥0.5 and nickel-clad steel ¥1. These were smaller than the previous jiǎo and yuán coins and depicted flowers on the obverse and the national emblem on the reverse.

“Renminbi Internationalization” is a worthy read for anyone who wants to know more about the complex issues surrounding one of the major international and regional financial developments of our time. These developments have led to intense speculation that the renminbi will soon become one of the major international currencies. Furthermore, although by May 2020, only 1.79% of global payments were made through the Renminbi, its internationalization index reached 5.02 at the end of 2020. From that point a series of events happened and, in 2019, the PBOC let the Yuan reach a threshold level of 7 to the US dollar. This level was a mark, because it was the first time that the Yuan had crossed the “7 limit” since 2008.

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